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Human Behaviour in Fire Symposium 2004  

Human Behaviour in Fire 04 Conference Papers

Publication Date: September 2004
Perfect Bound, 525pp with 93 tables and 169 illustrations.
Price 85.00 with CD ROM of all papers. The CD only is available at £40plus VAT (17.5%)
ISBN 0 9541216 6 X


The third international symposium took place in Belfast, Ulster, UK. 44 papers were presented covering :


COMMUNITY FIRE SAFETYCOMMUNITY FIRE SAFETY
IMPACT OF MAJOR FIRE EVENTS
CARE OF VULNERABLE POPULATIONS
PHYSICAL AND OPERATIONAL SAFETY SYSTEMS

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Keynote Paper on Policy, A tour d'horizon of government fire policy and the role of fire research
Clive Norris, Office of the Deputy Prime Minister, UK
Keynote Paper on Research Directions and strategies for research on human behaviour and fire: Are we prepared to support decision-making on the major themes?
John Hall Jnr, NFPA, USA
Keynote Paper on Technology Transfer Title to be announced
Ed Galea, University of Greenwich, UK
Suggestions on evacuation models and research questions
Jake Pauls, Consulting Services in Building Use and Safety, USA
COMMUNITY FIRE SAFETY
Keynote Paper CDC’s activities to reduce home fires: Understanding human behaviour
Mick Ballesteros, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, USA
Occupants, ignition and fire outcomes
Ian Thomas and P Brennan, Victoria Univ Melbourne, Australia
Fatalities in home fires where smoke alarms operated
Rita Fahy and J Molis, NFPA, USA
The MFB's human behaviour research project
Rob Taylor and S Pepperdine, Metropolitan Fire Brigade, Australia
Towards a psychometric risk perception model of risk from domestic fire hazards
Gary Bradley, Univ of Ulster, UK
Neuro-behavioural outcomes and incidence of trauma following domestic fires
Nigel McConnell, Univ of Ulster, UK
Fire safety in densely-built wooden towns - the importance of community involvement
Anne Steen Hansen, Norwegian Univ of Science & Technology, T Steiro, K Pederson, SINTEF and G Jensen, Interconsult, Norway
NSW 201/02 Christmas Bushfires: Surveying affected communities Robert Alexander and A Lear, NSW Fire Brigades, Australia
A community fire disaster as a galvanizing and fragmenting event
Patricia Cohn and M Carroll, Washington State Univ, D Seesholtz, USDA Forest Service and L Higgins, Univ of Idaho, USA
Taking steps to improve community preparedness for Wildfire - Lessons from communities in the US
Pamela Jakes, L Kruger, USDA Forest Service, M Monroe, Univ of Florida, K Nelson, Univ of Minnesota, V Sturtevant, Southern Oregon Univ, USA
IMPACT OF MAJOR FIRE EVENTS                     back to top
Keynote Paper Lessons learned from 09/11: The Report of the World Trade Centre Building Code Task Force
Patricia Lancaster, Commission NYC Building Department and Stanley Dawe, Chief of Fire Prevention (retired), Fire Department of New York, USA
Investigating the evacuation of WTC building 1 using computer simulation
Ed Galea, H Westang, S Blake, S Gwynne, P Lawrence, University of Greenwich, UK
 
An analysis of human behaviour during the WTC disaster of 9/11 based on published survivor accounts
S Blake, E Galea, H Westang, A Dixon, University of Greenwich, UK
Comparing journalism, conventional research and legal proceedings as sources of insights into human behaviour in disasters in buildings
Jake Pauls, Consulting Services in Building Use and Safety and P Wearne, Consultant, USA
Account analysis of WTC survivors
Guylene Proulx, NRCC/ IRC, Canada and R Fahy, NFPA, USA
Towards understanding human behaviour in fire in tunnels
Jim Shields, University of Ulster, UK
Evacuation experiments in smoke filled tunnels
Daniel Nilsson and H Frantzich, University
Assessment of fire safety design in tunnels based on emergency response and standard operating procedures for tunnel fires
Shen-Wen Chien, T-S Shen, P-Y Tseng, L-T Fang, Y-H Huang, Y-C Chien, C-C Chen, Central Police Univ, and K-H Hsiung, Fire Dept Taipei City, Taiwan
Integration of human behaviour in the improvement of safety in French road tunnels
Marc Tesson, Centre D'Etudes des Tunnels, France
Coping with aircraft emergencies and building fires: A qualitative (grounded theory) study of the personal experiences of people involved in two types of emergencies
Wendy Saunders, Victoria Univ, Australia
 
 

CARE OF VULNERABLE POPULATIONS

Keynote Paper Care of vulnerable populations: Who are vulnerable to fires and what care is needed for their fire safety
Ai Sekizawa, National Research Institute of Fire and Disaster, Japan
The effectiveness of voice alarms in waking sleeping children
Dorothy Bruck, S Reid and M Ball, Victoria Univ, Australia
The effect of alcohol upon response to fire alarms signals in sleeping young adults
Michelle Ball and D Bruck, Victoria Univ,
Australia
The salience of fire alarms signals for sleeping individuals: A novel approach to signal design
Michelle Ball and D Bruck, Victoria Univ, Australia
How to save lives of vulnerable people from residential fires?
Horoaki Notake, Shimizu Corp, A Sekizawa, M Ebihara, M Kobayashi, Univ of Tokyo, A Manamot, Hochiki Corp, Japan
A study of school children's attitude towards fire safety and evacuation behaviour in Brazil and the comparison with data from Japanese children
Rosaria Ono, Univ of San Paulo, Brazil and K Tatebe, Aichi Inst of Tchnology, Japan
Effectiveness of fire safety education among primary school children
Lata Satyen, M Barnett and A Sosa, Victoria Univ, Australia
 
PHYSICAL AND OPERATIONAL SAFETY SYSTEMS
Keynote Paper
Fire Management Systems
Stuart Rogers, Marks and Spencer plc, UK
Development of a fire safety training tool for staff in retails stores
Karen Boyce, TJ Shields Univ of Ulster, UK and D Samochine, Academy of State Fire Service, Russia
Crowd characteristics and egress at stadia
Mike Spearpoint and Kristin Hoskin, University of Canterbury, New Zealand
Analysis on efficiency of evacuation using elevators in a high-rise building
Manabu Ebihara, A Sekizawa, Univ of Tokyo, S Nakahama, Y Ikehata, Taisei Corp, H Notake, Shimizu Corp, Japan
Modelling of human response and behaviour in complex surroundings
Volker Schneider, IST Gmbh, Switzerland
A performance-based design of a hotel building using two egress models; A comparison of the results
Erica Kuligowski, NIST/BFRL, USA
Advances in egress complexity
Gillian Livesey and H Donegan, University of Ulster, UK
Investigation of uncertainty in egress models and data
Brian Meacham, J Lord, Arup, R Fahy, NFPA, K Notarianni, NIST, USA and G Proulx, NRC/IRC, Canada
Can you open the door and get out in an emergency? An explorative study of usability and the operation of exit
devices on doors)
Lena Kecklund, MTO Psychology, B Hedskog, S Bengston, Brandskyddslaget, Sweden
Interactions between buildings, fire and occupant behaviour using a relational database created from incident investigations and interviews
David Purser, BRE, and M Kuipers, Writewell Research, UK
User-centered design can produce safer and more cost-effective buildings by supporting the adoptive responses of
emergency teams and occupants
Norman Groner, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, USA
Engineering Human Behaviour: The "Human Factor" in performance based regulations
Vincent Brannigan, Univ of Maryland, USA, A Kilpatrick, Glasgow Caledonian Univ, UK
POSTERS                     back to top
A dynamic network model for circulation and evacuation
Shrikant Sharma, D Brocklehurst, P Westbury, Buro Happold, UK
Capacity evacuation flow on stairs and gangways (with emphasis on low flow rate systems)
David Brocklehurst, G Palmer, Buro Happold, D Bouchlaghem, D Pitfield, Looughborough Univ and K Still, Crowd Dynamics Ltd, UK
Implementation of performance-based fire safety design in Mei-Li-Hua shopping centre
Shen-Wen Chien, M-J Lin, Y-H Lu, Central Police Univ, W-S Hsu, FORERUN Ltd, W-L Chen, National Fire Agency, and P-T Huang, Ta-Jing Fire Safety & Risk Management Consultancy, Taiwan
An approach to fire alarm systems for people with hearing difficulties
Hiroyuki Tamura, D Koseki, K-i Takanashi, Nat'l Research Inst for Fire and Disaster, Japan
Development of step-by-step ramps for assisting wheelchair users' evacuation in emergencies
Hidemasa Yoshimura, M Fujimoto, Osaka Univ, Japan
Landholders and Fire: A two county case study from Washington State
Patricia Cohn, K Blatner, M Carroll, Was hington State Univ, USA
Authors Index
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